Table 1

Characteristics of the intervention (Kalomo and Katete) and comparator districts (Monze and Petauke, respectively) at baseline, 2012

CharacteristicSouthern provinceEastern province
Kalomo
(intervention) n=620
Monze
(comparator) n=611
P value*Katete
(intervention) n=623
Petauke
(comparator) n=604
P value*
Mean age of respondent caregiver30
SD: 10.1
n=619
30
SD: 9.9
n=610
0.43929
SD: 8.2
n=611
29
SD: 8.8
n=587
0.569
Caregiver has above primary education (%)12.9
SD=33.6
n=619
14.5
SD=35.2
n=608
0.5404.0
SD=19.7
n=622
4.8
SD=21.5
n=600
0.421
Caregivers who cited diarrhoea as a main health issue of children aged <5 years in their community (%)79.1
SD=40.7
n=620
82.0
SD=38.5
n=611
0.36881.3
SD=39.0
n=623
79.5
SD=40.4
n=604
0.487
Caregivers who cited they typically accessed the public sector for ORS (%)99.4
SD=9.3
n=456
99.7
SD=4.6
n=471
0.20799.4
SD=7.6
n=514
99.5
SD=6.5
n=469
0.884
Proportion of households with diarrhoea in children aged <5 years in the previous 2 weeks (%)37.1
SD=48.3
n=620
31.5
SD=46.6
n=611
0.18939.3
SD=48.9
n=623
43.2
SD=49.6
n=604
0.100
Proportion of children aged <5 years with diarrhoea who used ORS plus zinc (%)0.4
SD=6.6
n=230
0
n=194
0.3580.4
SD=6.4
n=245
0
n=261
0.302
Proportion of children aged <5 years with diarrhoea who used ORS (with or without zinc) (%)48.7
SD=50.1
n=230
62.9
SD=48.4
n=194
0.007 70.2
SD=45.8
n=245
69.0
SD=46.4
n=261
0.749
Mean reported distance to ORS access point (km) by those with a child who had diarrhoea in the preceding 2 weeks8.5
SD=11.7
n=112
5.5
SD=10.5
n=122
0.1104.9
SD=6.2
n=172
5.5
SD=4.4
n=180
0.479
  • Figures in bold font denote statistically significant values.

  • *P values are for the unadjusted ORs comparing matched districts and account for within-site correlation of outcomes for proportions; t-tests were used to compare means between matched districts.

  • ORS, oral rehydration salts.