Table 5

Diarrhoea prevalence, ORS and zinc coverage, ORS coverage, and ORS source in the intervention (Kalomo and Katete) versus comparator districts (Monze and Petauke, respectively) at endline, 2013

CharacteristicSouthern provinceEastern province
Kalomo
(intervention) n=614
Monze
(comparator) n=604
P value*Katete
(intervention) n=626
Petauke
(comparator) n=633
P value*
Proportion of households with children aged <5 years who had diarrhoea in the previous 2 weeks (%)28.5
SD=45.1
n=614
28.6
SD=45.2
n=604
0.96731.0
SD=46.2
n=626
25.6
SD=43.7
n=633
0.084
ORS with zinc use in children aged <5 years with diarrhoea (%)46.9
SD=50.0
n=175
1.7
SD=13.1
n=173
<0.001 46.3
SD=49.9
n=194
0.6
SD=7.9
n=162
<0.001
Proportion of children aged <5 years with diarrhoea who used ORS (with or without zinc) (%)81.1
SD=38.8
n=175
54.9
SD=49.9
n=173
<0.001 71.1
SD=45.2
n=194
61.7
SD=48.8
n=162
0.224
Caregivers with children aged <5 years who had diarrhoea in the 2 weeks preceding the survey who obtained ORS from the public sector (%)40.1
SD=49.2
n=142
96.8
SD=17.9
n=95
<0.001 34.1
SD=47.6
n=138
99.0
SD=10
n=100
<0.001
  • Figures in bold font denote statistically significant values.

  • *P values are for the unadjusted risk ratio comparing matched districts and account for within-site correlation of outcomes for proportions.

  • ORS, oral rehydration salts.