Table 4

Overview of legislation/national plans/policies and acts

CountryLegislation/national planSignificance
Ratified by all 6 countriesUN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)Online supplementary appendix C, UN CRPD
Ratified by Brazil and ZimbabweCRPD Optional Protocol (OP-CRPD)Allows for individual complaints to be submitted to the CRPD Committee alleging that rights have been violated under CRPD.
If the CRPD Committee makes a finding that the State has failed in its obligations under the CRPD, it will issue a decision requiring that the violation be remedied and for the State party to provide follow-up information
BrazilDecree No. 7612Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PWDi) –Living Without Limits Plan.
Promote accessibility for people with disability and frail adults through:
▸ Credit lines for the acquisition of AT
▸ Institutionalisation of the National Programme for AT.
▸ Tax rebate on AT products.34
Law 10 048/2000
Decree No. 5296 Chapter VII, Article 64, 65 and 66
Reduction or exemption from import taxes for products that are not available within the country.
Reduction or exemption from excise tax on technical aids.
Deduction of income tax for all AT for people with disabilities or reduced mobility.35
Recognize the area of AT as an area of knowledge.
Encourage the formation and training of orthotics and prosthetics.
Encourage studies to support the development of standards on technical aids.
Detection of regional reference centres for technical aids, aiming at the formation of an integrated national network35
Decree No. 4360Provision of long-term assistance for people with disabilities and older people36
CambodiaNational Policy on the Health Care for Elderly and Disabled People 1999‘Further plan of action’ states that providing the elders and disabled to obtain the AT such as hearing aids, walking aids and kitchen utensils to assist living independently as one of the priorities for social protection37
Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PPRPD), Article 4, 20 and 26Commits to: Giving priority to technologies at an affordable cost.
Providing accessible information to persons with disabilities about available AT, including new technologies, as well as other forms of assistance, support services and facilities.
Facilitating access to quality mobility aids, devices, AT and forms of live assistance and intermediaries.
Encouraging entities that produce AT to take into account all aspects of mobility for persons with disabilities
Promoting the availability, knowledge and use of AT designed for PWDi38
Disability Action Council (DAC) Royal Sub-Decree No. 59, 2009, PPRPDInvolved in standardisation through subcommittee on prosthetics, orthotics and assistive devices and give advice and orientation at the national level
Provides recommendations for the rights of persons with disabilities
Endorsed in the law on the PPRPD, and receives core funding from USAID through its humanitarian assistance budget39
IndiaThe National Policy for Persons with Disabilities 2006Physical Rehabilitations Strategies under Rehabilitation measures includes provision of AT as one of the commitments
Commits to creating an environment that provides Persons with Disabilities equal opportunities, protection of their rights and full participation in society40
Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act 1995The ‘education’ component suggests research for designing and developing new AT
Governments shall initiate/encourage research by official and non-governmental agencies to design and develop new AT
‘Research and manpower development’ promotes sponsoring research in the development of AT41
Scheme of Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/Fitting of Aids/Appliances (ADIP Scheme) 2005 (see online supplementary appendix D)Assist low income individuals with disabilities in obtaining assistive aids and appliances
Those aids/appliances which do not cost more than US$100.46 are covered
Those with income US$250 to US$333/month receive devices at a 50% subsidy
Those with incomes of US$250/month, receive devices at full cost42
Provide 500 Cochlear implants free per year
India's National Policy on Senior Citizens 2011Increasing advancement in technology is one of the listed priority areas
Highlights that technology is not only needed for the ≥80, but also for rural poor, disadvantaged seniors who will have longer years in the coming decades43
TurkeyTurkish Disability Act Law no. 5378/2005, Article 3 and 7Commits to having buildings, open space, transportation and information services and information and communication technology, accessible and usable by people with disabilities to be safe and independent
Commits to disclosure of information and communication technologies and services to be accessible for people with disabilities
Value Added Tax (VAT) Law No. 3065, Article 167–4/4 and 17/4Provides importation exemptions within the scope of customs law article 167-4/4 and general goods for the disabled
Provides partial exemption for delivery of computer programmes and every kind of instruments (excluding vehicles), and equipment especially produced for daily life of the disabled.44
The services provided in elderly and disabled care houses are considered exceptions and the services provided in such places are also held exempt from the value added tax45
Social Assistance and Solidarity Law No. 3294, Article 5Covers the costs of treatment and function-acquisition related orthopaedic and other aid tools/equipment for PWDi who are covered by social security institutions and get salary or payment from institutions46
ZimbabweNational Disabled Persons’ Act 1992, Section 4Established the National Disability Board that is responsible for the formulation and development of measures and policies to ensure that disabled people live independently and access all social services, and estimation of the cost of the measures for the welfare and rehabilitation of disabled persons47
Disabled Persons Fund (DPF)Provides public assistance, medical fees, purchases assistive devices and a revolving loan facility
Allows exempt from the payment of import tax for all specially adapted cars purchased
Ensures that disabled people are assisted with the purchase of AT like crutches, artificial limbs, spectacles and wheelchairs to enable carrying out day to day functions47
Social Welfare Assistance Act of 1988Provides for the health provision, maintenance allowances, purchase of AT, import of special equipment for the disabled to assist in their daily activities, means tested criteria for the assessment of poverty among vulnerable groups47
Customs and Excise Regulations 2004Government provides for a waiver of duty for all specially adapted for use by persons with disabilities imported less than 5 years from the date of manufacture47
  • AT, assistive technologies.