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Using a pharmacist-led mHealth to improve patient’s adherence of antidepressants: patients’ experiences in low resourceful country
  1. Muhammad Amir1,
  2. Zeeshan Feroz2,3,
  3. Anwar Ejaz Beg1,
  4. Nathaniel Rickles4
  1. 1 Ziauddin Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi, Pakistan
  2. 2 Basic Sciences Department, College of Science and Health Professions, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  3. 3 King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  4. 4 School of Pharmacy, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA
  1. Correspondence to Muhammad Amir, Ziauddin Faculty of Pharmacy, Ziauddin University, Karachi 75600, Pakistan; mohd_amir80{at}


Depression is considered fourth leading cause of disability and premature death in the world. It is estimated that in developing countries about 25 individuals among hundred suffers from some mental disease in any part of their life. Adherence is a major factor in the success of the treatment of depression. Patients with psychiatric illness are highly affected by non-adherence. 68% of patients with depression discontinue antidepressants within 3 months of therapy initiation, whereas those patients who continue to take their medications, fewer than 33% consistently take the antidepressant as prescribed. Hence, patients with depression can greatly benefit by adherence improving interventions. There is limited evidence of using pharmacist along with mobile health technology for medication adherence in clinical settings. The aim of the study is to develop pharmacist-led mobile application and explore patients’ experience on its utility.

  • mHealth
  • psychiatry
  • inventions

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  • Contributors MA developed the idea and performed the experiment and wrote the manuscript. NR, ZF and AEB were responsible for reviewing the all the concepts, writing and reviewing the manuscript.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests Mobile application “MyHealthCareBook” prepared for the research is property of MA.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Ethics approval Ethical Review Committee of Ziauddin University has reviewed this project in the meeting held 9 May, 2012 and gives approval to conduct this study. Reference is 0190212MAPHAR.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request and based on the approval of the institution.