Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Original article
Patient empowerment through provision of a mobile application for medication reconciliation: a proof of concept study
  1. Annabel Werumeus Buning1,
  2. Joanna E Klopotowska2,
  3. Michiel Duyvendak3,
  4. Lucien JLPG Engelen4,
  5. Joris Arts3,5
  1. 1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2Department of Public & Occupational Health, EMGO Institute—VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  3. 3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Antonius Hospital Sneek and Emmeloord, Sneek, The Netherlands
  4. 4 REshape Center, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  5. 5Healthcare Center Kersenboogerd, Hoorn, The Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Annabel Werumeus Buning; A.WerumeusBuning{at}


Background The operationalisation of medication reconciliation in daily practice is challenging, due to among others, insufficient interoperability of computer systems and high implementation costs. Involving patients in the medication reconciliation process by using information technology could potentially overcome these difficulties and reduce preventable patient harm accordingly.

Objective The MyMedication app (MMa) is a mobile application developed to help patients keep their medication list up to date. This study aims to investigate the usability and reliability of MMa for medication reconciliation at care transitions.

Method A random convenience sample of 17 patients was recruited during August–September 2014 at the Antonius Hospital in Sneek and Emmeloord, the Netherlands. Patients were asked to compile their medication list in MMa prior to their elective surgery. At admission, the medication list in MMa was compared with the medication list compiled by a pharmacy practitioner and the number of medication discrepancies per patient quantified. Acceptance and usability was assessed using a validated System Usability Scale (SUS) questionnaire and interviews.

Results The mean number of medication discrepancies between the medication list in MMa and the list compiled by the standard procedure was 2.5 per patient. When discrepancies caused by technical errors in the MMa were excluded, only a mean number of 1.2 discrepancies per patient remained. MMa SUS indicated good usability (68/100).

Conclusions The results of this study show that patients are positive about the use of the MMa and some feel even more involved in their medication treatment. The use of MMa for medication reconciliation at care transition shows potential as tool to improve patient safety and to reduce healthcare costs.

  • Medical Apps
  • mHealth
  • Affordable
  • Accessible

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Contributors JEK, MD, LJLPGE and JA conceived and designed the experiments. AWB and JA performed the experiments. AWB, JEK and JA analysed the data. AWB, JEK and JA wrote the paper. LJLPGE and MD critically reviewed the manuscript.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval The Medical ethics committee of Antonius Hospital provided a waiver for the study.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.