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Open-source hardware for medical devices
  1. Gerrit Niezen,
  2. Parisa Eslambolchilar,
  3. Harold Thimbleby
  1. Department of Computer Science, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
  1. Correspondence to Dr Gerrit Niezen, Department of Computer Science, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK; me{at}


Open-source hardware is hardware whose design is made publicly available so anyone can study, modify, distribute, make and sell the design or the hardware based on that design. Some open-source hardware projects can potentially be used as active medical devices. The open-source approach offers a unique combination of advantages, including reducing costs and faster innovation. This article compares 10 of open-source healthcare projects in terms of how easy it is to obtain the required components and build the device.

  • Affordable
  • Inventions
  • Global Health

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See:

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