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Original article
American football and other sports injuries may cause migraine/persistent pain decades later and can be treated successfully with electrical twitch-obtaining intramuscular stimulation (ETOIMS)

Authors

  1. Correspondence to Dr J Chu, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Ardmore, PA 19003-2321, USA; jchu{at}etoims.com
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Citation

Chu J, McNally S, Bruyninckx F, et al
American football and other sports injuries may cause migraine/persistent pain decades later and can be treated successfully with electrical twitch-obtaining intramuscular stimulation (ETOIMS)

Publication history

  • Received 8 August 2016
  • Revised 10 December 2016
  • Accepted 7 March 2017
  • Published in print 1 April 2017.
  • Published online 25 April 2017.
  • Published first 24 March 2017.

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