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Original article
American football and other sports injuries may cause migraine/persistent pain decades later and can be treated successfully with electrical twitch-obtaining intramuscular stimulation (ETOIMS)

Authors

  1. Correspondence to Dr J Chu, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Ardmore, PA 19003-2321, USA; jchu{at}etoims.com
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Citation

Chu J, McNally S, Bruyninckx F, et al
American football and other sports injuries may cause migraine/persistent pain decades later and can be treated successfully with electrical twitch-obtaining intramuscular stimulation (ETOIMS)

Publication history

  • Received August 8, 2016
  • Revised December 10, 2016
  • Accepted March 7, 2017
  • First published March 24, 2017.

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